Canine Periodontal Disease: Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention

Gum disease is a serious and common problem in dogs; therefore, it is critical for you as a pet owner to understand the condition. Typically, there are no significant symptoms when the disease first attacks. However, it advances fairly quickly leading to erosion of the gums, loss of teeth and general dental bone loss. The causes of canine periodontal disease are similar to the ones identified in humans. Basically, when you feed the dog, the particles along with oral bacteria form a sticky layer on the teeth known as plaque. The bacterial population grows and attacks the pet's immune system. This leads to inflammation of the gum and destruction of the tissues around the teeth. Here is a brief description of the symptoms and treatment of canine periodontal disease as well as ways to prevent the condition.


It is difficult to identify significant signs of gum diseases during the onset. However, if you are keen and vigilant, you will be able to see some physiological changes as the condition progresses. A dog with periodontal disease will experience bleeding in the gums and you may see unusual redness. In addition, you should check your dog's teeth if you notice blood-like stains on chew toys. In severe cases, the pet will have ropey or even bloody saliva, and the blood may transfer to the water bowl. You should also take note of any changes in the dog's behaviour when picking up and chewing food. Other general signs include halitosis, nasal discharge and bumps in the oral cavity.

Diagnosis and Treatment

You should consult a veterinarian immediately after noticing signs of periodontal disease. The healthcare professional will carry out visual examination of the gums and even take x-ray images of the surrounding bone. This will help determine the best cause of treatment depending on the severity of the case. Early stage gum disease can be eliminated by cleaning of the gum lines and shallow periodontal pockets. Antimicrobial gel may be used to prevent invasion as the damage heals. Progressed gum disease will require a more aggressive approach such as tooth extraction or removal of the affected tissues around the teeth.


You can prevent canine periodontal disease by exercising vigilance in relation to your pet's health. Take your dog for professional examination and cleaning regularly to limit bacterial invasion. Clean the dog's oral cavity with the right tools; you can ask your veterinarian to show you the best techniques. Finally, you should always provide your dog with healthy food and safe toys.

For more information, contact a company like Total Vet Care.